Flood Event 2016-Saudi Arabia-4347


The Flood Observatory maintains a Global Active Archive of large flood events, 1985 to present. It is freely available to the public in both spreadsheet and GIS formats. New events are entered into this archive each week. As of the end of 2015, there were 4319 events; each has a unique archive number and, starting in 2016, a unique name (example: "2016-Southern USA-4337"). This link provides a summary of the event.

In some cases, severe or damaging floods then become the focus of Observatory inundation mapping. As part of collaborations with other organizations, and the Global Flood Partnership, the Observatory's maps and other data are made available to the public. With appropriate attribution, they can be used freely, including for commercial purposes, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Geotif versions and GIS files are also provided for these maps through the links below.

This event is selected for Observatory production of map and GIS data products. Related infomation from other sources is also provided below as images with links to their origins. Please cite the primary source and follow any restrictions provided. New maps and links may be added as the event evolves. This web page and associated image and map files reside at this internet location permanently as the Flood Observatory record of this event.

Overview Flood Map from the NASA MODIS sensors

GoogleEarth version

Geotif version

Suggested citation: Brakenridge, G.R., Kettner, A.J., Slayback, D. and Policelli, F., date accessed, "Flood Event 2016-Ethiopia-4347", Dartmouth Flood Observatory, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA, http://floodobservatory.colorado.edu/Events/2016Ethiopia4345/2016SaudiArabia4347.html.

The date of last update is shown on the map above; updating ends when the flood begins to decrease in areal extent. Red is current surface water (flooding), where it extends beyond the reference surface water information (Blue). Very light red is all flooding mapped by the Observatory since 1999.

Related Information




7-day Accumulated Rainfall (April 15, 2016)

CIMSS Atmospheric Precipitable Water During The Event

April 15, 2016


Flood Mapping Source Data and Access

Note: Floods in hilly or mountainous regions are hazardous, but are difficult remote sensing targets and not always observable. Additionally, cloud cover or other constraints sometimes restrict the ability to capture peak inundation everywhere. The maps may not illustrate all areas of flooding. Also, cloud and terrain shadows may be misclassified and mapped as flood water. Finally, due to the relatively coarse resolution of the primary data source (MODIS 250 m bands), some areas enclosed as "flooding" may include relatively small parcels of dry land.

Data Sources: The Land Atmosphere Near-real time Capability for EOS (LANCE) system provides daily NASA MODIS data at 250 m spatial resolution. Landsat 8 data, if used, are provided by the U.S. Geological Survey Hazards Data Distribution System. Landsat 8 is jointly managed by NASA and the United States Geological Survey. COSMO-SkyMed synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data are occasionally provided by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as a contribution to the CEOS Flood Pilot. Sentinel 1 SAR data, when used, are provided by the European Space Agency. NASA EO-1satellite tasking and data are provided by Stuart Frye and colleagues at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. MODIS data beginning in year 2012 are based on an automated product provided by the MODIS NRT Flood project at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Non-automated, MODIS-based .shp or MapInfo GIS files supporting this Flood Event Map are located in a map sheet folder here together with any other high resolution (using Landsat 8, EO-1, etc) GIS files.Click here for access to the automated daily .shp file GIS record (record commences in 2011). Choose appropriate 10 deg x 10 deg map sheet directory and appropriate dates; longitude and latitudes refere to upper left map sheet corner.

Global Flood Monitoring System (GFMS) displays, if provided, are from the University of Maryland.  Reference: Wu, H., R. F. Adler, Y. Tian, G. J. Huffman, H. Li, and J. Wang (2014), Real-time global flood estimation using satellite-based precipitation and a coupled land surface and routing model, Water Resour. Res., 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR014710. Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS) displays, if provided, are from the European Commission Joint Research Centre and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. Reference: Alfieri, L., Burek, P., Dutra, E., Krzeminski, B., Muraro, D., Thielen, J., and Pappenberger, F.: GloFAS – global ensemble streamflow forecasting and flood early warning, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1161-1175, doi:10.5194/hess-17-1161-2013, 2013.

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